Dr. Jivaka Komarabhacca
In Thailand Dr. Jivaka is considered as the source and authority of Thai-Massage and as the founder of the traditional Thai-medicine (TTM). He was the physician in ordinary of king Bimbisara (540 to 490 B.C.).
Dr. Jivaka Komarabhacca or Jivaka Kumar Bhaccha, also called Shivago Kumarpaj, is considered the source and authority of Thai-Massage all over Thailand and also is seen as the founder of the Buddhist Thai-medicine. Numerous ancient documents describe his extraordinary medical abilities and his knowledge of herbal medicine as well as his treatment of prominent people. But today there are no texts of him left over. Who was this man?
From his name can be seen that he was born as a child of a courtesan and was left alone by his mother. He got adopted by king Bimbisara but ran away from his court to learn medicine. He studied in the university city of Taxila, which was famous for its medical faculty and probably was the most famous of all medical schools in India at that time. Dr. Jivakas teacher, according to reports in Sanskrit and Tibetan language, was the legendary Atreya who already noticed Jivaka as being extraordinarily gifted during the admission exams.
After seven years of studies Dr. Jivaka was working as an ayurvedic doctor moving around through the country and establishing a reputation as a surgeon as well as a paediatrician. He performed many operations, including surgical sections of the abdominal wall as well as of the skull. He was considered the most famous medical practitioner of his time. His medical system was made up of four major components:
Massage, Herbal Medicine, Diet and Spiritual Cures
MINDFULNESS & MEDITATION
The Buddha thought the importance of Meditation. He would give tools for concentration (samadhi) in his teachings, but ultimately he would teach that each individual needs to sit with their own mind and body; with all the thoughts, emotions and sensations that arise and fall away. According to the Buddha, each being needs to work with their own attachments and aversions to these a risings and fallings. With practice we begin to understand the nature of suffering and thus develop loving kindness (metta) and compassion (karuna) toward ourselves and then toward others. These practices also develop insight known as “mindfulness” practices, which have been popularized by present-day Zen Master, Thich Nhat Hanh. Both Mindfulness and Loving Kindness are important qualities for the practitioner of Thai Massage to develop. The roots of Traditional Massage stemmed from the Buddha’s teachings (Dharma). Practitioners continue to perform massage in order to assistwith the alleviation of suffering in others.
When we practice mindfulness, we bring ourselves into the present moment. When we practice Thai Massage, we have an opportunity to be mindful and listen deeply to the needs of our client. This is also an opportunity for both the giver and recipient to be in meditation together. If we are fully present we naturally enter a state of deep listening which nurtures loving kindness and understanding. Don’t we all just want to be understood? What a beautiful way to work: allowing the client to be exactly where they are, with no judgment and no agenda. If we listen and be present with our client (having no need to fix them) transformation, healing and spontaneous joy take place
PRAYER TO SHIVAGO
“I pray to you, Dr. Shivago, who established the rules and precepts. I pray that kindness, wealth, medicine – everything comes to you. I pray to you who brings light to everyone just like the sun and moon do, who has perfect wisdom and who knows everything. We all love you who are without defilement, who are near to enlightenment – having entered the stream three times. We all come to pray to you. I pray to the Buddha. I pray, I pray that with your help all sickness and disease will be released from whom I touch”
Jivaka Kumar Bhaccha commonly known as Dr. Shivago
The prayer is chanted as follows:
Om Namo Shivago Silasa Ahang Karuniko
Sapasatanag Osatha Tipa-Mantang Papaso
Suriya-Jantang Gomalapato Paka-Sesi Wantami
Bantito Sumethasso A lokha
Sumana Homi (3 times)
Piyo-Nakha Supananang Pinisiang Nama-Mihang
Namo-Puttaya Navon-Navien Nasatit-Nasatien
Ehi-Mama Navien-Nawe Napai-Tang-Vien Navien-Makaku Ehi-Mama piyong – Mama Namo-Puttaya (1 times)Na-A Na-Wa Lokha Payati Vina-Santi (3 times) We invite the spirit of our founder, the Father-Doctor Shivago, who comes to us through his saintly life. Please bring to us the knowledge of all nature, that this prayer will show us the true medicine of the universe. In the name of this mantra, we respect your help and pray that through our bodies you will bring wholeness and health to the body of our client.
The goddess of healing dwells in the Heavens high, while human kind dwells in the World below. In the name of the founder, may the Heavens be reflected in the World below so this healing medicine may encircle the world.
We pray for the ones we touch, that they will be happy and illness will be released from them.